Contribution of the Mexican steel industry to global steel
The positive impact of the metallurgical industry in Mexico today and throughout its history is well known. Not only is it one of the most important sources of employment for the nation, it has also achieved a sustained growth trajectory over the years. Mexican steel supply is a prime example of this growth, having produced on average 1094.69 thousand tons of steel per year from 1980 to 2019 and currently represents 2.2% of the Gross Domestic Product. The true value of this industry has not only been for Mexico; it is time to recognize the way in which the Mexican steel industry has benefited the world and global steel market.
In the economics
According to 2018 data, Mexico was the 14th largest steel producer in the world, national steel production is between 19 and 20 million tons and 82% of this steel is produced in the states of Coahuila, Michoacán, Nuevo León, Guanajuato, and Veracruz. Furthermore, 1.13% of the steel that is distributed in the international market is manufactured in Mexico. In 2018, Mexico imported 11 million metric tons of steel. The country imports steel from over 95 countries and territories: the US, Japan, and South Korea are the top import sources.
To see a virtual x-ray of the steel industry in Mexico, click on the following link: https://www.canacero.org.mx/aceroenmexico/descargas/Radiografia_de_la_Industria_del_Acero_en_Mexico_2019.pdf.
Home for industry
Specific zones of the Mexican countryside, such as El Bajío, have contributed greatly to the consolidation of several industries, including steel, by becoming home to multiple automotive, aerospace, and manufacturing companies that house their productive units and establish themselves as engines for the Mexican economy. In the case of El Bajío, for example, due to its strategic geographic location (in the center of the country and within the industrial triangle formed by Mexico City, Guadalajara, and Monterrey), it has been complicit in accepting and nurturing these companies as offer the ideal conditions that have attracted 80% of the Mexican market, 70% of its industrial establishments, adding to 70% of its international trade, and 70% of Mexican exports.
Good environmental practices
According to the official advocator of the Mexican steel industry – CANACERO-, the steel industry in this country is environmentally-friendly, thus contributing to more sustainable production practices around the world.
- Steel pollution emissions in Mexico are 29.5% below the world average with 1. 34 tCO2.
- The water consumption per ton of steel produced in Mexico is 5. 2 m3, while the world average consumption is 28.4 m3. Additionally, the sector uses treated water, not first-use water.
- Steel produced through scrap recycling represents 38% of Mexican national production. In the world it represents approximately 22%.
- The steel industry in Mexico makes an efficient use of energy by using renewable sources, saving energy intensity, and reducing the use of “combustóleo.”
From the perspective of research and innovation, Mexico has had a determining role for the steel industry.
In the year 1807, the Guadalupe ironworks in Coalcomán, Michoacán, brought blast furnace technology to Mexico. Later in 1957, it was the company Hojalata y Lamina (HYLSA) that launched the first direct reduction process of iron ore in the world, through which residual elements that affect the quality of steel products are eliminated. Subsequently, Quintero HYLSA was the first company in the world to roll ultra-thin steels.
To see more about the history of the steel industry in Mexico, click on the following link: http://nmm.com.mx/a-brief-history-of-the-mexican-steel-industry/.
Likewise, there is reference to approximately 27,000 patent documents filed at the Mexican Institute of Industrial Property since 1900 related to the steel industry, specifically with alloys. For example, Heberto Castillo Martinez, civil engineer graduated from the National School of Engineers of the UNAM, invented the 3Dlosa Structural System (tridilosa) in 1966, which is now used in the construction of hundreds of buildings around the world, including the World Trade Center of Mexico City and the Chapultepec Castle, among others. The system consists of mixed three-dimensional mezzanine of concrete and steel and allows to optimize and rationalize the construction materials without harming the stability or the firmness of the structure in construction.
Innovation, production capacity, synergy, responsibility, and experience are the evident markers of the Mexican industry. From raw materials to finished product, supply chain management, and quality assurance, the Mexican steel industry will continue supporting the world through these productive values. Through it all, National Material Mexico will continue to be at the vanguard of Mexican steel supply, assuring the continued transcendence of this Mexican industry.
National Material of Mexico (“NMM”) is a subsidiary of National Material L.P., operating 16 steel service centers and processing facilities in North America and shipping over 2,000,000 tons of steel annually. NMM specializes in supplying, servicing, and processing steel with unmatched efficiency and capacity due to the company’s substantial list of capabilities. Proud to be minority-owned, ISO-certified, and uncompromised in its safety standards for their employees, National Material is a leader through efficiency, innovation, and performance.
Contact National Material of Mexico: 011-52-81-8319-4828 or email: firstname.lastname@example.org.